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What is Agile Automation Framework?

Agile Automation Testing is a methodology for implementing automated tests in agile software development. The aim of agile, automated testing is to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of the software development lifecycle while preserving quality, timeliness, and resource utilization. As a result, implementing such a procedure needs extensive coordination and cooperation across teams.

In the past few years, ever since the agile approach was introduced with its creators demanding an end to the tedious and complex reality of the old waterfall model, the effect of the same can also be seen regarding Automation Testing.

A real example of a financial service organization that developed a large-scale agile capacity to meet its aspirational automation goals. The firm began implementing agile methods in phases, beginning with its software development teams. It then implemented agile across teams to facilitate collaboration and the sharing of best practices. Finally, the firm convinced the program’s leadership to make the method the default for all automation initiatives. Since the transformation, the firm has seen project delivery times decrease by about 30% and expenses decrease by 15% to 20% across six distinct business lines.

Agile Automation
Automation in Agile

Automation in Waterfall

Within the context of the waterfall, automation testing is typically feasible when the application is consistent and reliable. The requirement requires a significant amount of time and a team of highly skilled automation expert resources, and a significant amount of set-up costs in most instances. Automation Testing’s primary goal is to decrease expenses over time and maximizes. Moreover, it guarantees that no new problems occur due to current test cases.

How to do Agile Automation as a Methodology

By definition, the agile approach emphasizes eliminating time-consuming and tedious documentation to facilitate the implementation of unique and innovative ideas and for people to communicate freely to reduce the implementation of more exploratory ideas.

As a result, we may see a conflict between the core principles of agile methods and automated testing.

Why is Agile Automation Necessary for Testing?

Automation results in improved production and cost savings. Automation has grown so embedded in agile software development so that it’s impossible to imagine one without the other.

We discussed the primary reasons why automation is necessary for agile testing methodology:

Incremental Development: 

The shortest development cycle is the primary reason that requires automation in agile testing. Agile Scrum teams have few weeks to understand the requirements, modify the code, and test the revised code. If we perform all the testing manually, the time needed would force scrum masters to exceed the time spent on development. As a result, we will have to rush the testing process hence results in reducing the overall quality.

Continual Modifications: 

Agile projects do not operate under a complete set of criteria. The requirements evolve over time and often alter in response to changing client requirements, market developments, and end-user needs. While the agile method’s most advantageous characteristic is its rapid flexibility to change, this also means that testing must be flexible enough to keep up with the changes. Moreover, Automation provides testing with the required agility and enables it to react more quickly and adaptable to changes.

Continuous assessment: 

Agility demands frequent testing. The newly introduced code is covered by the tests and the code from earlier versions. This is to verify that no previously implemented functionality is damaged due to the newly introduced feature. This puts a great deal of strain on the testers and may harm the product’s quality. By automating specific tests, testers get more time for exploratory testing.

Gain immediate insight into the quality of your code: 

Automation testing enables you to rapidly test your code using a standard set of test scripts. This provides the software tester and developer with an early indication of the code’s reliability and allows them more time to respond if the code falls short of expectations.

Testing support functions: 

Automation in testing may be used to automate test script execution against code and data setup, test result validation, and test reporting. Agile development needs continuous code releases, which can be automated. This relieves testers of tedious, repeated duties, allowing them to concentrate on testing.

Regression testing: 

Automation enables testing to be performed indefinitely, allowing for a thorough study of the code. This is very beneficial when dealing with a restricted testing window and guaranteeing code quality.

Agile Automation Tools

As discussed, not all the tests should be automated in Agile. However, the automated testing tool used by Agile teams should cover as much of the testing scope as feasible.

To do this, the team must examine the following factors while choosing an automation tool, keeping in mind the Agile methodology’s nature:

  • The tool must be compatible with all operating systems on which the program expects to operate; it must also support various devices and browsers for parallel testing.
  • The technology’s learning curve should be minimal, allowing all QA teams to involve rapidly; the solution has comprehensive reporting and integration features.
  • Apart from these criteria, the team must consider other factors while determining the most suitable automation tool for their projects.

Some important tools that cover all the above-listed requirements are:

  • Selenium
  • Kobiton
  • TestProject
  • Ranorex
  • Eggplant
  • Subject7
  • LambdaTest
  • IBM Rational Functional Tester
  • Katalon Studio


The growing need for Agile applications by virtually every software development team highlights automation’s competitive advantage. Although the long-term benefits of automation are unknown, QA teams must design their automation methods from the beginning.

On an individual basis, each team and company must consider additional considerations while developing an Agile automated testing plan that maximizes the methodology’s advantages.

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Agile Scrum Backlog: Product and Sprint

Agile Scrum methodology may be very beneficial in a broad range of situations, but complications can occur if it is not correctly understood. It has its own set of terminology and working methods that may be confusing to people unfamiliar with the approach. In this post we will discuss part of the Agile jargon; Scrum Backlog.

However, if the whole team is unfamiliar with the agile methodology and its terms, things may easily fall into inefficiency. Two such potentially confusing scrum phrases are product backlog and sprint backlog, which are critical for planning and prioritization.

Before we go into the scrum backlogs, it’s important to keep in mind that Scrum is an agile methodology that emphasizes flexible, concurrent workflows. Scrum methodologies divide projects into sprints However Waterfall is most effective for projects that we want to finish in a linear manner and do not permit reverting to a previous phase. For more information, you can check our article on the agile vs waterfall technique.

What is a Product Backlog?

The product backlog is a list of all the tasks that we require to finish the project. However, this is not a simplistic task list. A well-organized product backlog splits each item task on the list into a sequence of stages that the development team could follow. There must be a period specified so that the team understands when to begin and how much time they will complete the job.

However, even if it has been planned, the product backlog is not fixed. As with the majority of elements of agile project management and agile scrum methodology, there will be adjustments. It is critical to maintaining flexibility. The project either extends or collapses.

We can say the same thing for the product backlog, which constantly changes and adapts to the development team’s work. In the ideal state, it implies that the product backlog is decreasing since we will remove completed tasks from the product backlog.

What is Sprint Backlog?

A Sprint Backlog is a list of tasks that are scheduled to be completed during a sprint.

The sprint backlog is similar to the product backlog in that it is a subsection of the product backlog. This backlog is derived from the product backlog, but it includes only those tasks that can be accomplished within an agile sprint.

Moreover, It will be determined by the project’s complexity, but the goal is to devote the team to just those items that can be accomplished within the sprint.

However, unlike product backlog, the sprint backlog, on the other hand, remains constant throughout the sprint. It is modifiable during the sprint planning meeting. Once agreed upon, the sprint’s elements and associated steps are frozen for the duration of the sprint. If any items remain incomplete critical sprint, they will be put to the product backlog and we handle them during the next sprint.

Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog Process in Agile Scrum Methology

Product Scrum Backlog

To successfully deploy product backlogs, follow the steps described below. So the Product Owner is the most important person in the team; read this twice to understand and prioritize your backlogs rapidly.


Recognize the project’s scope and break it down into stages so that the team can envision and accomplish the job in a timely way. Before interacting with the team, discuss your idea with the client.


Set a priority for each item and rank them in order of importance. It will be more beneficial if you sit with the team and Scrum Master when prioritizing.


Estimate the stories depending on the commonly agreed criteria. Maintain a high degree of abstraction in your stories and never go into depth when estimating. The team will complete this job of splitting it down, and the Product Owner can leave it at a high level. Allow the team to make their own decisions about their time estimates without interfering too much.

Keep it dynamic

Keep the backlog dynamic by allowing for revisiting depending on the customer’s ideas and the team’s possibilities and keep the list open so that backlogs may be added or removed at any point throughout the project.

Practical ways in managing Sprint Scrum Backlog

In agile scrum methodology, there are many effective methods to manage the Sprint Backlog.

The Scrum team will review the product backlog and choose a task to execute in the sprints based on the Product Owner’s priority. The recommendations listed below may help you handle these sprint backlogs efficiently.

Think and Make a Decision

Even if the Scrum Master organizes the sprint meeting, they do not make all of the decisions. n agile scrum methodology, you have to allow the team to debate and select each backlog so that each cross-functional group member may concentrate on their area of expertise.

Accept and do not assign

After the team has discussed and agreed on the backlogs and the time estimate for completing the job, they will accept work and do not let any person assign any task.

Update the backlog on a regular basis

During standup meetings, update the document daily so that the Product Owner can create a burndown chart and assess if the sprint backlog will be finished within the scheduled sprint.

Accept extra tasks

Sprint backlog items do not have to be coding-related; any work needed for delivery may be accepted at any time throughout the sprint.


Product backlogs and sprint backlogs are two different types of backlogs that we use in product development. The team needs it to stay motivated to complete the task. They provide an update on the current development as well as the remaining suggestions for improvements to the product. If a Product Backlog does not exist, a Sprint Backlog cannot be established. Product Backlog, on the other hand, can exist on its own. These backlogs are critical because they serve as a clear record that keeps all members of the Scrum Team and stakeholders informed about the product.

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