Entrepreneurship General Topics and tips Management and Projects Sotfware & Developers & DevOps

What is a Scrum Master?

Scrum master is a group role accountable for ensuring that the team adheres to agile methodology and principles and conforms to the team’s processes and practices.

A scrum master facilitates collaboration among members of an agile development team. Scrum is a technique that enables an agile team to self-organize and implement modifications rapidly. Also, the scrum master is in charge of the information sharing process.

Scrum Master

This position is responsible for the following:

  • Creating an atmosphere favorable to team effectiveness.
  • Dealing with team dynamics.
  • Ensuring a positive working relationship between the team, product owner, and external stakeholders.
  • Defending the team against external disruptions and diversions.

As part of the Scrum methodology, the scrum master position was established. Moreover, the term was meant to refer to someone who is an expert in Scrum and capable of coaching others.

Generally, the position lacks real authority. Individuals who occupy this job must lead from a position of authority, often adopting a servant-leadership attitude.

Scrum Master’s roles, duties, and abilities

Scrum Master does not act as a project leader and is not responsible for project results. It is the responsibility of the whole team to deliver good results accordingly. The Scrum Guide implies to the Scrum Master as a servant leader because their role is to serve the team by establishing a framework where each team member may perform their best work toward a shared objective.

In an ideal Agile team, the process would be managed by the team as a whole rather than by a single person. However, the Scrum Master role developed to assume responsibilities while maintaining a team-oriented approach.

The Scrum Master position is very dynamic, and it entails the following responsibilities:

  • Assisting the team in reaching an agreement on what can be accomplished within a certain time period known as a sprint.
  • Helping the team in achieving agreement during daily scrums.
  • Assisting the team to remain focused and adhering to the daily scrum guidelines.
  • Eliminating barriers to the team’s development.
  • Defending the team against external distractions.
  • Ensuring that project plan items are well-defined and effectively handled

The primary function of the Scrum Master is that of a facilitator. They supervise the use of best practices and the progress of the team’s tasks. Moreover, A scrum methodology that adheres to best practices should foster visibility, inspection, and adaptability.

Skills Required for Agile Scrum Master

  • Capability to enable team communication and to foster a sense of belonging.
  • Capacity to teach and train team members to adapt to changing circumstances.
  • Ability to interact with external teams about the team’s progress and requirements.
  • Ability to deal with shifting interpersonal dynamics, behavioral patterns, and dispute resolution using soft skills and empathy.

Along with the Scrum Master, additional scrum positions include project manager and product owner, which are separate but equally important on the team. In addition, These roles will collaborate with the Scrum Master to accomplish a well-defined shared objective.

Agile Scrum Master Difficulties

A Scrum Master’s duty is to guarantee that the group carries the Scrum Procedure and that those outside the group provide the team the necessary space to do so. Although the job of Scrum Master is probably the simplest to describe, it may be difficult to do. Therefore, we have mentioned three difficulties that often occur in a team:

1. Change resistance

Resistance is by far the most significant obstacle. It may be aggressive or passive, obvious or hidden, and take a variety of forms. Change is necessary for every industry, and change management requires teams to adapt to new techniques and processes. The beauty of agile methods is that transition is critical to their success. To demonstrate, the team must be adaptable to any situation, and the scrum master must guarantee that the team adjusts to the change correctly.

2. Failure to understand the process  

Because Scrum methodology fundamentally alters the way people operate, experts believe there is potential for considerable misunderstanding in its everyday execution. It is typical for individuals to believe they understand Scrum as they are confusing traditional terminologies and techniques with Scrum procedures and terminology.

3. Failing to adapt to shifting roles  

Moving to Scrum alters responsibilities across teams, departments, and even the whole organization (cross-functional and self-organization), which may be unsettling. For example, managers may fear losing influence or control, while team members may struggle to adapt to a group-driven approach.

Project Manager vs. Scrum Master

A Project Manager is in charge of directing the team and creating and managing the strategy. But, if the team is Agile, what about all those project management activities?

  • A project manager assists in the management of the project’s schedule, personnel, and scope to fulfill business needs. A Scrum Master, on the other hand, aids in the success of the scrum team.
  • A Product Owner establishes guidance with the help of the client and the team.
  • A Scrum Master is a coach and facilitator who guides the development team through Agile methods to accomplish the task that the Product Owner has prioritized.
  • The Scrum Master collaborates with the Product Owner and development team accordingly to guarantee that the team can move ahead with development without obstacles and that Scrum practices are followed.

Agile Scrum Master Certifications

Individuals may become Certified Scrum Masters by completing a 16-hour certification course offered by the Scrum Alliance (CSMs). The scrum structure and the different team roles, events, and artifacts included in Agile development are all explained throughout the certification process.

There are many additional Scrum Master certificates available. For instance:

  • Scrum Master certification by Scrum Inc.
  • Professional Scrum Master I (PSM I) by
  • Advanced Certified ScrumMaster (A-CSM) through the Scrum Alliance.
  • Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) from the Project Management Institute.
  • SAFe Scrum Master (SSM) from Scaled Agile.

Hits: 15

What is Agile Extreme Programming?

Extreme Programming is a software development technique that aims to increase software reliability and its flexibility to react to new customer or client requirements. During the mid-to-late-1990s, when working on the Chrysler Comprehensive Compensation System (C3), software developer Ken Beck pioneered the Agile Extreme Programming approach. He released Extreme Programming Explained in October 1999, explaining the whole technique to others, and soon afterward established the official website.

Updated on: 2021-06-30

As with other Agile development methodologies, Agile Extreme Programming attempts to deliver iterative and frequent minor releases throughout the project, moreover enabling team members and customers to inspect and assess the project’s progress across the SDLC.

We’ll explore what Extreme Programming is and how it works throughout this article, from the values and concepts that underpin it to the rules and procedural best practices that guide implementing a new agile Extreme Programming project, so let’s get started!

Extreme Programming Value

XP is more than a collection of agile management procedures; it is a set of standards that will help your team operate more efficiently and successfully. The values of Agile Extreme Programming are:

Extreme Programming Values
Values of Extreme Programming


Teams do the task which is at present. Each stage of a complex process is broken down into smaller, more manageable tasks for team members to perform accordingly.

Smooth communication

Teams collaborate on all aspects of the project, from requirement gathering to code implementation, and engage in daily standup meetings to keep all teams notified. Any complaints or issues are immediately handled.

Consistency in providing constructive feedback

In XP, teams adjust their processes to the task and client requirements, not vice versa. Therefore, the team should often present their program early to collect client feedback and make required adjustments.


Extreme programming fosters an attitude of “all for one and one for all.” Each team member, regardless of their position in the hierarchy, is valued for their efforts. The staff values the customers’ perspectives and vice versa.


Team members respond to different circumstances and take ownership of their job. They are honest about their achievements; there are no “half-truths” or justifications for their inability to help people feel better. There is no need to be worried since nobody works individually.

Extreme programming methodology’s rules

Don Wells released the first XP guidelines in 1999 to refute allegations that extreme programming does not support essential software development tasks such as planning, management, and design. Follow these fundamental processes for each iteration, from planning to testing the program.

Rules of Extreme Programming
Rules of Extreme Programming


Rather than comprehensive requirement specification, the client creates user stories that detail the functionality they want to see and the value creation and importance assigned to each feature. User stories do not have to be comprehensive or technical; they need to offer enough information to assist the team in estimating the time required to develop those features.

The team then develops a release plan and breaks the project down into iteration (one to three weeks long). To communicate the schedule with the team, project managers may wish to construct a timeline or a simplified Gantt chart.


This guideline relates to the importance of simplicity: Begin with the simplest design possible, since it will take less time to finish than the more complicated solution. Avoid early functionality additions. you should often refactor to maintain a clean and simple codebase. Create spike solutions to investigate possible issues before they become a burden to your team.

Additionally, Kent Beck and Ward Cunningham developed class-responsibility-collaboration (CRC) cards to be used in conjunction with the XP approach. These cards enable the whole project team to collaborate on system design and seeing how things interact.


Finally, the moment has come to implement code. XP adheres to the principle of collective code ownership: Every developer has the ability to examine code and add features, correct problems, or restructure accordingly. To ensure that collaborative code ownership is successful, the team should:

  • Select a system analogy
  • Experiment with pair programming. Team members collaborate in pairs at a single computer to develop and deploy code. At any one moment, only one pair integrates code.
  • Every several hours, integrate and commit code to the repository.

The client should be present throughout this process, ideally on-site, to answer questions and establish the requirements.


Before the code can be published, the team runs unit tests and resolves problems. Additionally, they do regular acceptance testing.

When to utilize Extreme Programming

Even after reading its rules and principles, are you still uncertain if XP will meet your team’s needs. Extreme programming may be beneficial for teams that:

  • Expect the functionality of their system to change every few months.
  • Work with clients whose needs are always changing or who are unsure of what they want the system to accomplish.
  • Desire to minimize project risk, particularly in the face of tight timelines.
  • Employ a limited amount of programmers (between 2 and 12 is preferable).
  • Possess the ability to collaborate closely with clients.
  • Possess the ability to develop automated unit and functional tests.


If your team places a priority on communication and ongoing growth, extreme programming may be worth a try. Because this highly flexible approach demands continuous customer input, anticipates mistakes along the way, and forces workers to collaborate, XP not only guarantees a healthy product delivery but also inadvertently boosts efficiency for development teams worldwide.

Hits: 21