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Agile Frameworks interview questions

Top Agile Scrum Interview Questions and Answers

As a scrum master, I’ve both given and conducted interviews in different global corporations. In this article, I am listing all of the questions that an interviewer may ask during real interviews. These are some of the fundamental questions that drive the agile and scrum frameworks. These interview questions and answers can enhance your understanding of agile frameworks and processes. Moreover, you can check our website for more insight into agile scrum methodology to get additional information about the topics.

Agile framework Interview questions
Agile framework Interview Questions

Top Interview Questions of Agile Scrum Framework

What is an Agile Testing?

Agile testing is a process that a quality assurance professional follows in a challenging environment where testing requirements constantly change in response to client demands. It occurs concurrently with development, with the testing team receiving regular small pieces of code from the development team for testing.
Furthermore, If you want a strong understanding of this topic, you can refer to our article on agile testing.

What are the Scrum roles?

A Scrum team primarily consists of three roles:

Project Owner: The project owner is accountable for controlling the product backlog. Collaborates with end-users and customers to develop appropriate requirements for the development team.

Scrum Master: The scrum master collaborates with the scrum team to ensure that each sprint finish on time. The scrum master ensures that the team’s workflow is consistent.

Scrum Team: Every team member must be self-organized, committed, and accountable for the high-quality work.

Moreover, if you need more details regarding the roles of scrum, you can check our article on Scrum methodology.

What is the difference between the conventional Waterfall and Agile Frameworks?

Agile testing occurs concurrently with development, while conventional waterfall testing occurs after development.
Agile testing conducts concurrently on small features, while waterfall testing is done on the whole system.

Furthermore, we addressed significant differences between agile and waterfall development briefly. For additional information, you can check our article on Agile vs Waterfall.

What are the benefits of conducting daily stand-up meetings?

Any team should have a daily stand-up meeting to address the following topics: Any team should have a daily stand-up meeting to address the following topics:

  • How much work is completed?
  • What strategies do we have in place to address technical problems?
  • What actions must be taken to finish the projects?

Moreover, for additional information regarding stand-up meetings, you can check the article on scrum ceremonies.

What are the Scrum Artifacts?

Scrum artifacts include product backlog, release backlog, and sprint backlog.

Product Backlog: It is a set of user stories for a scrum product. The product owner is responsible for creating and maintaining the product backlog. The product owner prioritizes it, and anybody may contribute to it with the product owner’s consent.

Release Backlog: A release is a period during which we accomplish specific iterations. The product owner and scrum master should collaborate to determine the stories’ prioritization for release. The release backlog contains stories which schedule to finish in a specific release.

Sprint Backlog: The sprint backlog is a collection of user stories that the team must fulfill within the sprint. During the sprint backlog phase, the team signs up for tasks independently. The team controls it and calculates the remaining work on a daily basis.

For a more detailed overview, you can check the article on the scrum artifacts.

In Scrum, what are the basic roles of the scrum master?

The primary responsibility of a scrum master is to:

  • Removes any roadblocks the team encounters in achieving its sprint objectives.
  • Ensuring that the programming language used for testing process and unit testing is developed in the same language 
  • Advising the team and product owner on how to enhance the efficiency of their processes 
  • Ensuring that the team follows standard scrum procedures

Besides, for more detailed information regarding the scrum master, you can check our article on scrum master.

What are the different Scrum ceremonies and what role do they play?

Scrum planning, Scrum – Daily stand up, Scrum review, and scrum retrospective ceremonies should all clearly state the objective. It’s crucial to remember that the ceremonies should be timed for a normal four-week Sprint or according to the Sprint you implemented in your projects.

Lastly, if you want a more comprehensive overview of scrum ceremonies, you can check our article on scrum ceremonies.

How are Sprint Planning Meetings and Sprint Retrospective Meetings different?

The following distinguishes the Sprint Planning Meeting from the Sprint Retrospective Meeting:

Sprint Planning Meeting – A sprint planning meeting is a gathering in which all Scrum team members (product owner, scrum team, and scrum master) review the team’s priority features and product backlog items. Thereafter, this weekly meeting lasts about one hour.

Sprint Retrospective Meeting – A sprint retrospective meeting gathers all Scrum roles (product owner, scrum team, and scrum master) to review the sprint’s successes, failures, and improvements. This session, which typically lasts 2-3 hours, occurs at the sprint review meeting or the conclusion of the sprint.

Since this is a common interview question for Agile Scrum. Therefore, the interviewer can ask to define the words above individually or in relation to one another. For more comprehensive details regarding scrum ceremonies, you can check our article on scrum ceremonies.

Why does Scrum advocate for the use of automated testing in project development?

Scrum promotes the use of automated testing (automated performance or automated regression) to provide the quickest possible project delivery. You may want to describe some of the technologies you used for automated testing when responding to this question. You can also check our article on automation testing.

Scrum is one of the Agile Frameworks for software development, correct? Indicate a few more Agile frameworks.

Scrum is, in fact, an Agile framework. Several more Agile models are:

Please mention the frameworks you are aware of or have used when responding to this kind of Agile Scrum interview question.

Final Remarks about agile frameworks

Agile and Scrum frameworks are used to speed the completion of a project. Agile principles result in increased customer satisfaction, while scrum is renowned for its adaptability to changing needs.

We’ve compiled a list of the most common Agile Scrum interview questions in this article. While this collection of the most often asked Agile scrum interview questions and answers will improve your understanding of Agile and Scrum principles and assist you in clearing the interview, being a certified agile professional broadens your opportunities. Do you have a question regarding Agile Scrum? You may also check out our collection on agile and scrum subjects, which will assist you in understanding the agile environment. You can view the articles on our website’s blog page.

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Sotfware & Developers & DevOps

The Agile Testing Model

Agile testing is a model of testing that focuses on the standards and requirements of agile software development. Agile testing starts at the outset of the project. Moreover, the agile model of testing is not sequential but is continuous.

What is the Agile testing Process?

The Agile Test Process includes various forms of testing during each iteration. Thus, It includes test environments, test details, testing tools, and evaluation results. Therefore, an agile model results in creating and modifying a test plan for each release.

By looking at the case study, one of the finance companies reinvented its custom-built storefront and home office systems in response to changing state and federal regulatory compliance requirements. The IT and PMO teams were more focused on operational maintenance than on the challenges of system development. This resulted in an unmanageable workload and years-long schedule delays. The project’s employees had been impacted by staff and technology churn, requiring repeated restarts and integration difficulties.
However, after the introduction of the agile model, they have changed the overall workflow of the system which resulted in very good results.
Through the use of agile methods, job completion rates increased 400% over time, while rejection rates for work submitted for QA testing decreased from 30% to 5% over six months.

The typical agile testing model includes the following:

  • Conduct research on the project scope
  • Conduct testing on the improved functionality
  • Load/Performance analysis
  • Framework analysis
  • Development of risk mitigation strategy
  • Resource Allocation
  • Deadlines and Achievements 

What is Agile Testing Lifecycle?

During Agile testing, the lifecycle consists of four phases.

  1.   Iteration 0 – Initiation of a project

Firstly Iteration 0 is where you finish the initial setup tasks. Secondly, This job includes recruiting people for various tasks. Among them perform testing, implementation, software testing, and resource management. The following steps describe this stage.

  • Development of a company business plan
  • Define the project’s specifications and scope
  • Define main requirements and use case studies
  • Critical Risk Assessment
  • Initial project planning and budget estimate

 2.  Development Iteration

The agile project managers provide high-quality applications throughout the development iterations. These iterations should meet the demands of the stakeholders. Following are the steps to accomplish it:

  • Cooperation
  • Analyzing and planning
  • Assuring accuracy
  • Regular application deployment
  1.   Release

The objective is to deploy your system in development efficiently. The operations at this stage include training users, service staff, and operational personnel.

Additionally, the last phase of the agile approach involves acceptance testing In repetition, you will track down and confirm whether a problem arises.

  1.   Production

The software developer has to ensure that the apps succeed post-launch. What strategies work in one company can be different in another. And then, maintaining the system’s effectiveness is an ongoing objective.

What are the Quadrants?

Agile Testing Quadrants Most importantly, the agile test quadrants split the whole process into four quadrants.

Agile testing quadrants
Agile Testing Quadrants

Tests can be conducted for the following purposes:

Support Programming: 

These types of tests are used by software engineers to determine the best code to write. This is required to carry out a certain device action. For instance, there should be constant testing of the modified device’s behavior during the development process.

Critique Product: 

Firstly critical quality tests are performed on the finished product to detect defects.

To decide the experiments should be done, you must first determine if the research is:

  • Business faces 
  • Technology Face-to-face

Business Facing:

An examination is an assessment of a corporation based on how it responds to questions posed by business. Market researchers are aware of this and will participate in them to clarify the machine’s behavior in real-time.

Technology Facing: 

A review consists of looking at answers to questions in the area of technology. Furthermore, programming problems stem from several layers of technological concerns.

The agile assessment quadrants assist teams in defining, planning, and conducting required training.

Quadrant Q1: This quadrant specifies Unit testing. Moreover, Automation is a possibility for tests of this type.

Quadrant Q2: Functional testing is needed for this quadrant. Manual and automated tests are also appropriate methods.

Quadrant Q3: This quadrant necessitates the use of unit monitoring and user acceptance testing. However, there are manual assessments.

Quadrant Q4 – This Quadrant needs Output and load tests. This quadrant includes stress testing, scalability testing, and maintainability testing. We can use Special tools, in addition to automated testing.

By integrating all of the quadrants, it is possible to explain What-Testing-When as follows:

Quadrants specification
Agile Testing Quadrants Specification
Value problems for agile development of applications

a) Since reporting is a low priority in agile growth, there are more opportunities for mistakes.

b) In addition, Technologies may be deployed quickly, reducing the time taken for review teams to determine if existing features meet the requirements and resolve market problems.

c) Testers perform the functions of a developer.

d) The testing process’s intervals are incredibly brief.

(e) Less time spent on test plans

f) They must follow a strict schedule for regression testing.

g) Transforming their position from quality gatekeeper to quality associate.

h) Requirement adjustments and improvements are an integral part of an agile approach, which is the primary QA difficulty.


In software testing, the agile method necessitates testing during the software development life cycle. However, when it becomes functional, it necessitates improved stakeholder involvement and code testing. The code must be safe to submit to systematic review. To ensure that all issues have been fixed and checked, Testers should perform thorough regression testing. Finally, communication between teams is the primary factor that contributes to success during an agile training process.

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