What are Scrum Values?

If you ever lead a Scrum team, you are aware that it is among the most successful project management approach. Despite its popularity, organizations can only fully benefit from the Scrum approach if they comprehend the Scrum values.

Scrum values, similar to organizational or business values, are qualities that Scrum team members maintain. These values serve as the basis for the Scrum framework. To realize the full potential of a venture, each member of the team must agree to maintain these principles. Also check out how to implement it in your business.

Continue reading to discover more about the five Scrum values, why they’re vital, the differences between Scrum values and Scrum principles. Moreover to understand how you can encourage these value systems within your team to enjoy the full advantages of this robust project management approach.

Which are the five scrum values?

Courage, focus, commitment, respect, and openness are the five Scrum values.

Scrum Values
Scrum Values

Scrum was created especially for managing complicated projects that must adjust rapidly to scope or demand changes. That is why each one of these five Scrum values is essential to a Scrum team’s achievement.

Let’s go a bit further into each of these.


Consider an elite military Special Forces unit. These small highly specialized teams must be flexible to carry out complex tasks that may alter in an instant. To handle these life-or-death circumstances effectively, each team member must be 100% dedicated to tasks and their teammates.

While the majority of projects are not life-or-death, the basic idea remains similar for Scrum teams. Scrum teams must be willing to collaborate in order to accomplish a shared objective. This requires mutual faith in each other’s ability to complete assigned duties and perform at high level of their abilities. This can occur only if each team member is completely dedicated to the team and the project.

Scrum masters and team leaders may assist foster commitment by enabling effective sprint preparation and defending teams against scope changes.


The sprint is a defining feature of the Scrum process; it is a predefined time period during which members of the team work together to accomplish a stated objective. To make the most of each sprint, each group member must maintain concentration on both job and its effect on the sprint objective.

Scrum masters may restrict the number of tasks or priorities assigned to each team member. This is done to aid team members to remain focused. Additionally, by promoting complete team involvement in daily Scrum meetings, people may maintain their focus on their assigned responsibilities.


To achieve the greatest progress in the shortest amount of time feasible, each Scrum team member must be open and transparent about their own development. The daily Scrum meeting’s goal is to identify and resolve issues. This cannot occur if team members are not honest about problems or obstacles they are encountering. Furthermore, team members must be flexible to collaborate with one another and consider each other significant contributors to the project’s success.

One of the most effective methods for Scrum masters to encourage openness is via their teams’ transparency. Delivering honest feedback at daily Scrum meetings is critical not just for making required changes. Also, it helps in encouraging team members’ honesty and transparency in return.


Respect in a Scrum team, like in any collaborative effort, requires acknowledging that no one person or their effort is more important than another. It entails placing your confidence in your teammates to do their assigned duties, responding to and weighing their suggestions, and acknowledging their achievements.

Scrum masters may assist their teams to develop regard for one another by showing respect for the product owner, stakeholders, and team members.


Finally, Scrum teams must have the confidence to be honest, open, and upfront about the project’s progress and any obstacles they encounter, both in themselves and with stakeholders. Additionally, team members must have the confidence to seek assistance when necessary, to experiment with new techniques or approaches, and to differ politely and engage in open discussion.

As with respect, Scrum masters may first and foremost encourage courage by showing it. The scrum master must have the guts to stand up to stakeholders and product owners in order to avoid sprint modifications or scope creep during the sprint.

Are Scrum values and principles the same?

The simple answer is that they are not same; Scrum ideals and principles are separate. The five Scrum values are internal characteristics that influence team member conduct, while the Scrum principles are more similar to external guidelines that assist guarantee the Scrum technique is used properly.

What are the principles of Scrum?

There are six Scrum principles.  Scrum’s guiding principles are as follows:

  • Analytical process control: Scrum teams must evaluate and modify their processes on a regular basis to account for changing project requirements and scope.
  • Self-organization: Each Scrum team member is responsible for their own duties and must hold themselves and the team and the project liable.
  • Collaboration: To provide the best value, teams must communicate and work together.
  • Prioritization based on value: Scrum masters and their teams must prioritise the backlog and arrange sprints around the most important items.
  • Time-boxing: Each sprint is a specified period of time during which specific tasks must be completed.
  • Iterative development: The Scrum approach is based on adaptability and the capacity to iterate rapidly.


How to incorporate scrum principles into daily lives

Courage, focus, commitment, respect, and openness are all great qualities to have in any workplace.

If you, as the team leader or project manager, are not modeling these principles, it is doubtful that your team will.

  • Show bravery by tackling tough jobs.
  • Demonstrate concentration by adhering to your timetable.
  • Demonstrate commitment by performing well and expecting that your team does the same.
  • Show respect for your team members by allowing them to work autonomously.
  • Set an example of candour by acknowledging your errors and speaking candidly and respectfully with your teammates about opportunities for growth.

Consider the technology that is available to you. While there are many digital project management solutions available, not all of them adhere to Scrum principles. Consider a platform that simplifies communication rather than complicates it (openness) and enables team members to work freely (commitment and respect).

Kanban boards and the ability to create adaptable processes are indispensable digital project management tools for the contemporary team.

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Agile Scrum Backlog: Product and Sprint

Agile Scrum methodology may be very beneficial in a broad range of situations, but complications can occur if it is not correctly understood. It has its own set of terminology and working methods that may be confusing to people unfamiliar with the approach. In this post we will discuss part of the Agile jargon; Scrum Backlog.

However, if the whole team is unfamiliar with the agile methodology and its terms, things may easily fall into inefficiency. Two such potentially confusing scrum phrases are product backlog and sprint backlog, which are critical for planning and prioritization. Here is also a simple real use of scrum.

Before we go into the scrum backlogs, it’s important to keep in mind that Scrum is an agile methodology that emphasizes flexible, concurrent workflows. Scrum methodologies divide projects into sprints However Waterfall is most effective for projects that we want to finish in a linear manner and do not permit reverting to a previous phase. For more information, you can check our article on the agile vs waterfall technique.

What is a Product Backlog?

The product backlog is a list of all the tasks that we require to finish the project. However, this is not a simplistic task list. A well-organized product backlog splits each item task on the list into a sequence of stages that the development team could follow. There must be a period specified so that the team understands when to begin and how much time they will complete the job.

However, even if it has been planned, the product backlog is not fixed. As with the majority of elements of agile project management and agile scrum methodology, there will be adjustments. It is critical to maintaining flexibility. The project either extends or collapses.

We can say the same thing for the product backlog, which constantly changes and adapts to the development team’s work. In the ideal state, it implies that the product backlog is decreasing since we will remove completed tasks from the product backlog.

What is Sprint Backlog?

A Sprint Backlog is a list of tasks that are scheduled to be completed during a sprint.

The sprint backlog is similar to the product backlog in that it is a subsection of the product backlog. This backlog is derived from the product backlog, but it includes only those tasks that can be accomplished within an agile sprint.

Moreover, It will be determined by the project’s complexity, but the goal is to devote the team to just those items that can be accomplished within the sprint.

However, unlike product backlog, the sprint backlog, on the other hand, remains constant throughout the sprint. It is modifiable during the sprint planning meeting. Once agreed upon, the sprint’s elements and associated steps are frozen for the duration of the sprint. If any items remain incomplete critical sprint, they will be put to the product backlog and we handle them during the next sprint.

Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog Process in Agile Scrum Methology

Product Scrum Backlog

To successfully deploy product backlogs, follow the steps described below. So the Product Owner is the most important person in the team; read this twice to understand and prioritize your backlogs rapidly.


Recognize the project’s scope and break it down into stages so that the team can envision and accomplish the job in a timely way. Before interacting with the team, discuss your idea with the client.


Set a priority for each item and rank them in order of importance. It will be more beneficial if you sit with the team and Scrum Master when prioritizing.


Estimate the stories depending on the commonly agreed criteria. Maintain a high degree of abstraction in your stories and never go into depth when estimating. The team will complete this job of splitting it down, and the Product Owner can leave it at a high level. Allow the team to make their own decisions about their time estimates without interfering too much.

Keep it dynamic

Keep the backlog dynamic by allowing for revisiting depending on the customer’s ideas and the team’s possibilities and keep the list open so that backlogs may be added or removed at any point throughout the project.

Practical ways in managing Sprint Scrum Backlog

In agile scrum methodology, there are many effective methods to manage the Sprint Backlog.

The Scrum team will review the product backlog and choose a task to execute in the sprints based on the Product Owner’s priority. The recommendations listed below may help you handle these sprint backlogs efficiently.

Think and Make a Decision

Even if the Scrum Master organizes the sprint meeting, they do not make all of the decisions. n agile scrum methodology, you have to allow the team to debate and select each backlog so that each cross-functional group member may concentrate on their area of expertise.

Accept and do not assign

After the team has discussed and agreed on the backlogs and the time estimate for completing the job, they will accept work and do not let any person assign any task.

Update the backlog on a regular basis

During standup meetings, update the document daily so that the Product Owner can create a burndown chart and assess if the sprint backlog will be finished within the scheduled sprint.

Accept extra tasks

Sprint backlog items do not have to be coding-related; any work needed for delivery may be accepted at any time throughout the sprint.


Product backlogs and sprint backlogs are two different types of backlogs that we use in product development. The team needs it to stay motivated to complete the task. They provide an update on the current development as well as the remaining suggestions for improvements to the product. If a Product Backlog does not exist, a Sprint Backlog cannot be established. Product Backlog, on the other hand, can exist on its own. These backlogs are critical because they serve as a clear record that keeps all members of the Scrum Team and stakeholders informed about the product.

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