The regulatory landscape for Chinese Cloud Storage and cloud computing providers
China’s economy is one of the biggest in the world and it has numerous enterprises operating all across different industries. Chinese Cloud storage providers allow these businesses to satisfy their application development, deployment and administration need with a service that provides them at an affordable price point – this is why China continues on as a hub for innovation! 😎
While the globe has a variety of recognized cloud computing and storage service providers, the Chinese market offers unique alternatives. Numerous Chinese enterprises and the Chinese subsidiaries of global cloud service providers also supply cutting-edge technologies.
China’s cloud infrastructure services continue to outperform the rest of the globe, owing to the government’s strategic investment in cloud computing.
Before looking into the ten most popular Chinese cloud storage services, it’s critical to understand the restrictions and licenses that all cloud-providing services in China must obtain.
Regulatory Framework for Cloud Computing and Chinese Cloud Storage providers
If you host a website in Mainland China, Chinese law mandates that you acquire and show an ICP (Internet Content Provider) License.
If you do not acquire this license, or if it is discovered that you are running a website in violation of the certification requirements, you risk being officially compelled to obtain one by China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) or your hosting provider. Furthermore, if you do not cooperate with their request, Government can take down your site without warning.
Before you can establish or host a website in China, you must first apply for an ICP license in the country. Now, in the cloud computing and information storage market the regulations are even more strict. For instance purely foreign companies are can not participate. As a direct consequence Companies like Google and dropbox are not offering their Cloud Storage products to the Chinese market and they are currently unaccessible in China.
How it applies to Chinese Cloud Storage
The Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology administers the ICP registration and application processes. This is a Chinese government branch that oversees Chinese cloud storage providers’ initiatives (among others). After obtaining an ICP license, you must include the ICP China registration number or ICP License number in the footer of your website.
The Chinese Government will restrict Chinese websites based in China that do not have a valid ICP License. This will also apply if do not show their ICP number prominently on their website.
Requirements and Required Information
To qualify for ICP Filing, you must first register a corporate headquarters in China. This can be a subsidiary of your firm or a reputable sales partner to which the Chinese website is registered. Following that, you’ll need the following information:
- Your Chinese company’s name, address, and telephone number
- A Chinese verification document
- Legal representative of the Chinese company’s name, mobile phone number, e-mail address, and sufficient proof of identification (does not necessarily have to be a Chinese citizen)
- The person responsible for the website’s name, telephone number, cell phone number, e-mail address, and valid proof of identification (must be a Chinese citizen)
- The website’s emergency contact’s cellphone number
- A photograph of the person responsible for the website. This while on a custom backdrop with the hosting company’s unique lettering (the hosting provider often gives this), IP address, ISP, and server location (usually provided by your hosting provider)
- IP address, internet service provider, and server location (usually obtained from your hosting provider)
- A list of the domains use to access the website
- All domains must register with a Chinese domain registrar
Applying for ICP Filing
Generally, ICP Filing applications can be completed online. Based on the hosting provider. As a matter of fact you may be able to enter your information through a different interface. Additional restrictions or paperwork may apply depending on the hosting provider. Aside the province where your Chinese business is based might change the procedure. All submissions must be in Chinese.
The MIIT’s authorized provincial body will also need between five and twenty working days. This is to process the materials provided. If papers have any issues or mistakes, you will often be notified. This happens often within a few days after submission. After that, you must amend and resubmit the documents.
Chinese PIPL LAW
The PIPL is applicable to “personal information processing entities” (“PIPEs”). Which we define as “an organization or individual that selects independently the goals and methods of processing personal information”. (Section 73). The PIPL broadly defines “personal information”. It says is “various types of electronic or otherwise recorded information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person,”. This all excluding anonymized data, and “processing” as “the collection, storage, use, refining, transmission, provision, public disclosure, or deletion of personal information.” (4) (Article 4)
This Law has several resemblances to the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”). It include extraterritorial application, data transfer limits, compliance duties, and consequences for non-compliance. The PIPL poses certain issues for businesses doing business in China, even if their data processing operations take place outside of China. Finally the penalties for non-compliance might include monetary fines and placement on a government blacklist.
Key Features of PIPL Law
- The PIPL sets guiding principles for personal information protection.
- This law takes a risk-based approach, imposing stricter compliance requirements in certain high-risk circumstances.
- The PIPL endows data subjects with legal rights. Foreign organisations are regulated under the PIPL.
- The PIPL establishes sanctions for organisations who breach their duty to safeguard personal information (Article 66).
- Foreign organisations also face repercussions under the PIPL for breaching the personal information rights of Chinese individuals or endangering China’s national security or public interest.
- When foreign organisations transmit personal information beyond of China’s borders, they require specific details.
- Certain businesses requires to submit to a government security assessment prior to transacting with foreign governments.
- PIPEs located outside of China that handle personal data with the aim of doing business in China must create an organisation or designate a person to be accountable for personal information problems
- Without the prior consent of the Chinese government, businesses and individuals may not transmit personal information maintained inside China to foreign judicial or law enforcement bodies.
Chinese Cloud Storage Providers
Consider the top most popular cloud service providers operating in China today. It may assist you in making the best decision for your company. These are China’s top cloud service providers.
Why this post about Chinese Cloud Storage?
We are a Cloud Storage provider as well here at Sesame Disk by Nihao Cloud, but a different category. Meaning we are not a Chinese Cloud Storage provider, but we provide services for people collaborating with China as well. We focus on cross borders file transfer and team collaboration and that is how it includes China. Our services include Free Cloud Storage as well as premium plans.
How else are we different; We are not bound by the Chinese laws security wise. We are the data bridge that does not really exist. Our typical customer has to share and collaborate with some regularity with different geolocations and China may or may not be included. If you have requirements that include that we are your solution; see our products!
Alibaba Cloud – The biggest Chinese Cloud Storage
Alibaba Cloud, also known as Aliyun, is China’s largest cloud computing and backend service provider. The world-famous Alibaba Group provides it to meet the complex computing demands of Chinese enterprises. Their cloud storage OSS is very similar to AWS s3.
Aside It has several vital features that work in collaboration with the company’s many resources and e-commerce operations. Furthermore, Alibaba Cloud customers have the option of purchasing feature-rich cloud servers at a discounted price. Elastic Computer, Relational Databases, Content Delivery Networks, Data Storage, and Big-Data Processing are the primary aspects of this cloud corporation.
Alibaba Cloud also provides enterprises with disk and memory-based storage. Users have access to agile reading and writing capability, and data integrity is also retained. Alibaba Cloud simplifies backup and recovery for users by providing a variety of recovery alternatives. As a consequence, the probability of data loss and mistakes is significantly decreased.
Tencent Cloud Computing
Tencent Cloud is a dependable and high-performance cloud computing service from Tencent, a well-known Chinese technology business in Asia. It provides a diverse range of services to its massive user base through platforms such as WeChat. Tencent Cloud simplifies application development, and users may implement changes to the console setup. Developers depend on Tencent Cloud for its affordable services, which include pay-per-use options. Global data centers guarantee that cloud computing services are delivered quickly and reliably to the provider’s clients. Tencent Cloud also provides cloud services to the top downloaded game in the world i.e PUBG.
China Telecom Cloud Computing
China Telecom Cloud’s Cloud Server provides customers with a virtual solution for meeting their application needs. Users may depend on the service to rent resources, launch quickly, and easily expand.
By using Cloud Servers, customers can also reduce reliance on IT resources and avoid incurring excessive infrastructure expenditures. They get access to a broad range of computer resources and services to maximize their processing capability.
Elastic computing is a characteristic that enables local resources and the ease of storage and computation. China Telecom Cloud leverages virtualization to allow customers to install quickly and easily. Additionally, disaster recovery is easy with this supplier, and consumers can save expenditures on management and IT resources .
Amazon Web Services, or AWS, operates a subsidiary in China known as AWS China. Sinnet is responsible for the Amazon Web Services China (Beijing) Region, whereas NWCD is responsible for the Amazon Web Services China (Ningxia) Region. It’s a different Chinese company and not AWS due to regulatory requirements. Therefore AWS had to find a local partner who owns and operates the business.
Users have access to a platform that includes technologies comparable to those found in other AWS Regions. Developers in China may now build cloud applications quickly and easily, utilizing the same operational standards, protocols, and APIs as AWS customers globally.
Unless the client switches locations, data stored in Amazon Web Services China (Ningxia) and Amazon Web Services China (Beijing) Regions are replicated.
Huawei Cloud Stack is yet another cloud computing provider for commercial and government customers, allowing them to switch between on-premises and cloud environments seamlessly.
It is available in several versions that address various requirements, including big data analytics, legacy application migration, and artificial intelligence-based training.
It has a variety of capabilities that enable extensive cloud computing capability. Huawei Cloud Stack is a complete hybrid cloud solution that includes the FusionSphere OpenStack platform, the FusionSphere Virtualization layer, and numerous cloud service layer tools.
Kingsoft Cloud is a subsidiary of the Kingston Group and a market leader in cloud computing in China and worldwide. Established in 2012, the firm has also grown to become one of China’s top three corporations.
Cloud Physical Host, Cloud Server, Object Storage, Relational Database, CDN, Cloud DNS, and Virtual Private Servers are among the products offered to users.
Additionally, users have access to a variety of cloud solutions that address the demands of most sectors.
Baidu Cloud Computing
Baidu Cloud is a market-leading cloud computing service in China, operated by Baidu Incorporation. It has several capabilities, including client software, third-party connectors, cloud storage, and file management.
Following the setup of a client terminal, the Baidu Cloud service enables customers to execute automated synchronization between Internet terminals. Since its inception in 2012, the company has become one of the most popular cloud computing solutions in China.
Also known as Baidu Wangpan, the organization offers a complimentary 6 GB of storage space. It provides file sizes of up to 4 GB for free and up to 20 GB for a fee.
Azure China is Amazon’s branch in China. It provided a suite of services and features tailored to the requirements of Chinese enterprises in a variety of industries and was made feasible via local engagement.
21Vianet is the operator of Azure in China, providing consumers with access to Microsoft-licensed technology. Azure China’s service availability and operational models vary somewhat from those of the worldwide Azure service.
The services use Azure technology, which Microsoft’s worldwide cloud service offers, and provide varying degrees of customer assistance. Moreover, the service provider offers solutions to clients through contracts and agreements with 21Vianet, which is Microsoft Azure’s official partner in China.
The cloud service providers mentioned above are the finest in China and provide organizations with all the features and functionality they want.
They can assist businesses across sectors in achieving and surpassing their criteria and improving their customer service. You can research on the characteristics and functioning of each to help you make the best choice.
Additionally, it is essential to remember that China’s policies and laws are pretty hard regarding data held on these platforms such as need of ICP license to operate inside China.
Moreover, Specific files may be deemed inappropriate, and it is more probable that these service providers will closely monitor the files as directed by the government.
The government has cautioned some of these providers in China to keep an eye on cloud storage material. Moreover, it results in a complete lack of privacy.
Additionally, it is critical to remember that these security warnings may apply to cloud storage customers in China.