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What is Agile Kanban Methodology?

Kanban is an agile approach that focuses on continuous improvement, management flexibility, and improved workflow. Project managers can easily evaluate the progress of the whole project at a glance by using the kanban methodology.

Moreover, the Kanban methodology is one of the easiest frameworks since it enables project managers to organize and monitor their projects effectively. Among the characteristics that set the Kanban framework apart from other agile methods is its compliance with any existing management structure.

In contrast to other popular frameworks, Kanban encourages simplicity but also making significant modifications to the current setup. Conventional companies prefer to use it as they value hierarchy and the responsibilities of functional managers.

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History of Kanban Methodology

Kanban is an Agile framework. Taiichi Ohno, a Japanese engineer, invented it in the late 1940s. The Agile Kanban Model concentrates on visualizing the whole project on boards to improve project visibility and team communication.

In the past, industries utilized kanban in their organizational settings to manage inventories across the supply chain. For instance, businesses used it to maintain just-in-time (JIT) production and lean production.

In software development, the Kanban technique modifies this idea by guaranteeing that the quantity of work needed is proportional to the team’s work capabilities. Moreover, in software development, we have JIT compilation or just-in-time compilation. It is a method used by runtime interpreters for languages such as JavaScript, C#, and Java to bring execution rates near to those of precompiled binary languages such as C++.

How to implement kanban methodology?

The Kanban technique is based on the kanban board. It is a tool that visualizes the whole project to assist users in tracking the progress of their work. Through this pictorial representation of Kanban boards, a new member or an external entity may comprehend what is occurring now, what tasks we have finished, and what tasks will be in the future.

What Is A Kanban Board? - The Fundamentals
Kanban Board

The kanban board includes:

  1. Backlog
  2. To Do
  3. Ongoing
  4. Done

The columns are interconnected, and tasks are taken from the backlog to the right column. Kanban utilizes the Work in Progress concept to track the work lifecycle.

In addition, limiting work in progress to sustain best practices is one of the guiding principles of the Agile Kanban methodology. The team must accomplish the present tasks in the sequence specified.

Principles of Kanban

The Kanban method’s fundamental concepts are as follows:

Begin with the current workflow

Begin with the current workflow: The Kanban framework puts a focus on continuous improvements. As a result, the team must begin with the existing workflow and continually enhance it.

Limit current tasks 

The team must recognize its limitations and limit progress accordingly. Adding more than you can manage simply loses time and affects the project badly.

Maintain current roles and responsibilities 

A key reason for Kanban’s success is that it does not force companies to restructure their work cultures. Many companies reject contemporary methods because of a fear of change.

Kanban increases efficiency while remaining within the constraints of the current setup.

Promote leadership at all levels 

Traditional project management methods, such as the waterfall method, demand approval of even the simplest activities by the project manager. Kanban empowers the person working on the task with decision-making authority. This fosters leadership skills which are constantly improving their work and learning from their errors.

Difference b/w Scrum and Kanban

Scrum and Kanban are regarded as the pillars of an Agile approach. According to PMI, more than 57% of companies employ various Agile methods, with Scrum and Kanban accounting for the most significant share.

While both Kanban and Scrum emphasize delivering the product regularly and iterating until we reach perfection, their approaches are very different. Both Kanban and Scrum methodology adhere to the Agile approach ideals and principles, however, the method is very different.

In Scrum methodology, we divide the work into chunks called sprints. In comparison, Kanban concentrates on continual development and ensures that tasks are completed on time.

Similarly, since Kanban is task-based, modifications may be made at any moment, while Scrum methodology requires the fulfillment of a single sprint plan before any adjustments can be implemented. As a result, Kanban is a good fit for projects that need a high degree of adaptability, while Scrum methodology is a better fit for processes involving work in batches.

Additionally, Kanban has no defined responsibilities, and no person is accountable for the team or a task. On the other hand, Scrum methodology pre-defines the duties of the Scrum Master, the Product Owner, and the Team members.

Tools used for Kanban

Several project management solutions include kanban boards. One of these tools is SpiraTeam®. It offers dashboards for key project quality and performance metrics — criteria test coverage, task progress, project pace, as well as top risks and problems – in a consolidated view that is optimised for Kanban projects while still supporting legacy/hybrid waterfall projects.

Kanban Methodology in Conclusion

A Kanban system is more than a wall of sticky notes. The most straightforward approach to grasp Kanban is to adopt its concept and incorporate it into your everyday work. If you study, comprehend, and identify with its fundamental ideas, the practical shift will seem reasonable, if not inevitable.

By visualizing workflow, establishing work-in-progress boundaries, controlling flow, enforcing clear guidelines, and collaborating on process improvement, you can take your process to new heights. Maintain frequent feedback loops, and all of these components together will show Kanban’s true potential. There is no one-size-fits-all approach for managing software development projects. Agile kanban is not for everyone since some teams may find that alternative methods are more successful. As a project manager seeking to simplify your procedures, it is up to you to decide what works best for your team.

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What is Agile Scrum Methodology?

An Effective Method Of Developing Products

Scrum is an agile software development approach that is built on iterative and incremental procedures. Scrum is an agile framework that is adaptive, rapid, creative, and successful at delivering value to the client. Scrum’s primary goal is to serve the customer’s requirements by fostering open communication, collective accountability, and continuous improvement.

The development process begins with what we need to design and develop according to priority.

Agile Scrum | Scrum Ownership and Responsibility
Scrum Process

History of Scrum

Scrum goes back to 1986 when Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka published an article in the Harvard Business Review (HBR) titled “The New Product Development Game”. The article discusses how firms like Honda, Canon, and Fuji-Xerox create new products utilizing a flexible and team-based methodology. In addition, This strategy highlights the critical role of self-organized teams.

In 1993, Jeff Sutherland and his team at Easel Corporation developed the Agile Scrum methodology to use in software development methodologies with the help of object-oriented development, empirical process control, iterative and incremental development.

Process of Scrum Methodology

Scrum methodology focuses on a specified set of activities and responsibilities that must be part of the process. Moreover, it’s a highly adaptable technique that promotes adopting the agile principles within a framework agreed by product team members.

Scrum implements short, periodic chunks called sprints, which typically last between two and four weeks. They are very helpful in tracking feedback. The procedure begins with a list of project objectives/requirements. Then, the project’s client prioritizes these goals based on a trade-off between their value and cost; this is how we define iterations and subsequent deliverables.

Roles of Scrum

The Scrum team aims to produce high-quality software. Therefore, the Scrum project owner concentrates on identifying what qualities the product must have to develop (what to create, what not to create, and in what sequence) and overcoming any obstacles that may obstruct the development team’s tasks.

The Scrum Team consists of the following individuals:

Scrum Roles
Scrum Roles

Scrum Master: Scrum Master is the person in charge of leading the team and ensuring they follow the methodology’s rules and practices. He/She handle the project’s obstacles and collaborate with the Product Owner to optimize ROI. In addition, the Scrum Master is responsible for maintaining Scrum up to date and providing guidance, counseling, and coaching to the teams if needed.

Product Owner: The product owner (PO) represents the product’s stakeholders and customers. They concentrate on the business side of things and are in charge of the project’s return on investment. In addition, they communicate the project’s vision to the team and confirm the benefits in stories added to the Product Backlog, and prioritized regularly.

Scrum Team Members: A group of specialists with the necessary technical competence who work together to create the project and complete the stories they commit to at the beginning of each sprint.

Scrum Events

Each Scrum event allows some part of the process, product, progress, or relationships to be modified.

Sprint: A sprint is the fundamental work unit of a Scrum team. This is the significant difference between Scrum and other agile development methodologies.

Sprint Planning: Sprint Planning aims to specify what we can accomplish during the Sprint and how we will achieve it. This discussion occurs at the start of each Sprint and defines how we will approach the project based on the Product Backlog phases and timelines. Each Sprint consists of several different characteristics.

Daily Scrum: The Daily Scrum’s purpose is to analyze progress and trends through the Sprint’s conclusion, coordinating activities and developing a strategy for the next 24 hours. It is a short gathering that occurs every day during the Sprint timeframe. We address three separate questions: What did I do yesterday? How am I going to spend my day? What assistance do I require? In addition, the Scrum Master should attempt to resolve any issues or roadblocks that occur.

Sprint Review: The sprint review’s objective is to demonstrate what work has been achieved in relation to the product backlog for future delivery. After the sprint is over, there should be a noticeable and demonstrable improvement in the product to offer to the customer.

Sprint Retrospective: The team examines the sprint’s accomplished objectives, noting both the good and the negative to avoid repeating the errors. This phase makes changes to the development process. The sprint retrospective identifies potential process changes and develops a strategy for implementing them in the next Sprint.

Scrum Artifacts

Product Backlog: It is a set of user stories for a scrum product. The product owner is responsible for creating and maintaining the product backlog. It is prioritised by the product owner, and anybody may contribute to it with the product owner’s consent.

Release Backlog: A release is a period during which we accomplish specific iterations. The product owner and scrum master collaborate to determine which stories should be prioritized for release. The release backlog contains stories which schedule to finish in a certain release.

Sprint Backlog: The sprint backlog is a collection of user stories that must be fulfilled within the sprint. During the sprint backlog phase, the team signs up for tasks independently. It is owned and controlled by the team, and the remaining work is calculated daily.


Why use Agile Scrum Methodology?

Scrum is a clear and straightforward framework. The principles, artifacts, events, and roles are very simple to comprehend. Its approach eliminates uncertainties in the development phase while allowing enterprises to add their input.

It is useful for challenging projects because of its arrangement of complicated activities into user stories. Additionally, the clearly defined responsibilities and events provide accountability and shared responsibility throughout the software development cycle. Finally, rapid releases keep the team engaged and users satisfied by allowing them to see progress in a short period.

Scrum may take some time to grasp fully, mainly if the development team is used to a waterfall methodology. In addition, smaller iterations, daily scrum meetings, sprint reviews, and appointing a scrum master may provide a difficult culture transition for a new team.

However, the long-term advantages surpass the early learning curve significantly. In addition, Scrum’s success in building complex software products across a range of industries makes it an attractive framework for your firm to adopt.

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